GOL Celebrates November as Prematurity Awareness Month07-Nov-2017
November is Prematurity Awareness Month and the state of Alabama and Montgomery County have both received a grade of “F” on the March of Dimes Prematurity Report Card. This means there is more work to be done to equip all pregnant women in our community, but most especially women who are most at-risk for preterm birth, with the education they need to ensure more babies in Montgomery County are born healthy. There are several risk factors for preterm labor and premature birth. They include:
- Women who have delivered preterm before, or who have experienced preterm labor before, are considered to be at high risk for preterm labor and birth.1
- Being pregnant with twins, triplets, or more (called “multiple gestations”) or the use of assisted reproductive technology is associated with a higher
risk of preterm labor and birth. One study showed that more than 50% of twin births occurred preterm, compared with only 10% of births of single
- Women with certain abnormalities of the reproductive organs are at greater risk for preterm labor and birth than are women who do not have these abnormalities.
For instance, women who have a short cervix (the lower part of the uterus) or whose cervix shortens in the second trimester (fourth through sixth
months) of pregnancy instead of the third trimester are at high risk for preterm delivery.
- Preterm labor and birth occur more often among certain racial and ethnic groups. Infants of African American mothers are 50% more likely to be born
preterm than are infants of white mothers.
- Women younger than age 18 are more likely to have a preterm delivery. Women older than age 35 are also at risk of having preterm infants because they
are more likely to have other conditions (such as high blood pressure and diabetes) that can cause complications requiring preterm delivery.
- Certain medical conditions, including:
- Urinary tract infections
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Certain vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding from the vagina
- Certain developmental abnormalities in the fetus
- Pregnancy resulting from in vitro fertilization
- Being underweight or obese before pregnancy
Source: NIH https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/preterm/conditioninfo/Pages/who_risk.aspx